JICH-R: Drug and Alcohol Use by Students
©2017 by Arizona School Board Association
DRUG AND ALCOHOL USE BY STUDENTS
Drug Abuse Prevention
The following administrative procedures are to be used to implement the Board policy on drug abuse prevention:
- It shall be the responsibility of all school employees to report to the Principal/Director or other administrator in charge all suspected instances of the use, possession, or sale of drugs.
- Distribution or sale of drugs:
- When it is reasonably certain that a student is involved in the distribution or sale of drugs, law enforcement authorities and parent(s) or legal guardian(s) shall be contacted.
- A student who has been determined to be involved in the distribution of drugs shall be reported to the law enforcement authorities and will be subject to suspension.
- Possession of drugs:
- Law enforcement authorities shall be contacted when the Principal/Director determines that drugs to be used for non-medical purposes are found in the possession of a student. The Principal/Director may also contact law enforcement authorities to help make such a determination. Students who are in possession of drugs to be used for non-medical purposes will be suspended.
- A student who has been suspended for a drug-related offense for a second time will be referred to the Superintendent for further action (A.R.S. 15-843).
- Under the influence of drugs:
- A student who is reasonably suspected of being under the influence of drugs shall be referred to the school office.
- The parent(s) or legal guardian(s) of a student who is determined to be under the influence of drugs shall be contacted. The student will be suspended.
- A student who has been involved in a drug-related offense for a second time will be referred to the Superintendent for further action (A.R.S. 15-843).
- ASDB does not condone the non-medical use of drugs. The need for the availability of help to those who use/abuse drugs is recognized. It is the position of ASDB that communications between students and professional employees will be held in trust unless it becomes evident that withholding information may result in harm or injury to the student or others. Employees shall refer students who seek help to the school nurse.
- Involvement with medical drugs (medication):
- A student who needs access to medical drugs in school shall leave them, in the original container, with the school nurse. Permission and written directions from a physician concerning their use shall be left with the school nurse.
- Students who are in possession of medically approved drugs, but have not followed the directions described above, shall be disciplined in accordance with school disciplinary policies.
- Students who distribute such drugs to others will be considered as distributing drugs for non-medical purposes.
- Parental involvement:
- When the Principal/Director questions a student who is reasonably suspected of having violated the ASDB drug policy, reasonable efforts shall be made to notify the student’s parents or legal guardian that such questioning has taken place.
- Reasonable efforts shall be made to notify the parents or legal guardian of a student who has been determined to have violated the ASDB drug policy.
- Medical services:
- A student who is reasonably suspected of being under the influence of drugs while ASDB is in session shall be referred to the school nurse. Such cases shall be treated like any other medical problem.
- When there is reasonable suspicion that any student is under the influence of drugs while at an ASDB activity and health services are unavailable, it shall be the responsibility of the supervisor on duty to call for appropriate assistance.
- Return to school:
- When a student has returned from a suspension for using drugs for non-medical purposes, reasonable efforts should be made by employees and parent(s) or legal guardian(s) to prevent the problem from recurring. The process could include, but not necessarily be limited to, the following:
- Utilization of community-based programs.
- In-school group or individual counseling.
- An effort by the professional employees to help the student emphasize the positive alternative to drug-use behavior.
- Student neglect, child abuse, or child maltreatment:
- An employee who believes that a parent or other adult is contributing to drug-using behavior of a student shall confer with the Principal/Director.
- Such a conference does not change the duty of the employee to ensure that the case is referred to the appropriate child protective services for further investigation.
- Drug education:
- Substance abuse prevention shall be combined with health, science, citizenship, or a similar program.
- In addition to the established curriculum, the Principal/Director shall direct the use of other educational information, including, but not necessarily limited to, assemblies, speakers, printed materials, class discussions, and bulletin board materials.
- Student counseling:
- Counseling should emphasize drug abuse prevention as well as treatment, and an effort should be made to make it available to all students who desire this service.
- Counseling may be done individually or in groups.
- When a student seeks out an employee other than a counselor to discuss a drug problem, the particular employee shall advise the counselor.
- Staff member education:
- Within the first thirty (30) days of each school year, the Superintendent shall arrange a meeting that will include information on drug abuse prevention. The program will be conducted by staff members trained in drug abuse prevention and will include, but not necessarily be limited to, ASDB policies and procedures, identification of commonly used drugs, and an approach that recognizes the dignity and worth of each student.
- Parent and community education:
- At least once annually, ASDB shall sponsor a program for the community on its drug abuse prevention programs. In addition to presentations by ASDB employees, the program may include representatives of law enforcement agencies and medical professions.
- Additionally, ASDB may offer programs in parent effectiveness training.
- News releases and other forms of communications may be used to educate parents and the community, using regular school channels for such purposes. Such communications will be approved by the Superintendent.
In order to preserve the rights of those in a counseling relationship, the counselor will inform the individual that information within the ASDB setting cannot always be kept confidential. In some cases it will be referred to the appropriate individual or agency. Such cases may include those that endanger the welfare of the student or others.
The student shall be advised that ASDB records include data concerning school achievement, test results, and attendance. ASDB records are protected by federal and state statutes and do not include information concerning drug involvement.