ADL instruction allows ASDB students who are blind or visually impaired to gain functional skills to live independently. ADL prepares students to perform daily living tasks safely, efficiently, and as independently as possible. The curriculum is determined by a formal student-centered assessment and may include: personal care, food shopping and preparation, time and money management, organization skills, writing skills, laundry and clothing care, home care, social interaction skills, technology, communication, and recreation and leisure skills.
Students can learn to use adaptive techniques and devices to accomplish such goals. Ideally, a multi-disciplinary team of family, teacher, and paraprofessionals help reinforce opportunities to practice ADL skills in a variety of school and community settings. ADL specialists can videotape examples of a student working on independent living skills in order to highlight skills, successes, and areas of need. Teaching independent living skills is critical for students with visual impairments to achieve the highest levels of independence and quality of life.